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The IMT sentenced three defendants to life imprisonment and four to prison terms ranging from 10 to 20 years. Under the aegis of the IMT, US military tribunals conducted 12 further trials of high-ranking German officials at Nuremberg.
These trials are often referred to collectively as the Subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings.
In the immediate postwar years, the four Allied powers occupying Germany (and Austria)—the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union—held trials in their zones of occupation and tried a variety of perpetrators for wartime offenses.
Between October 18, 1945, and October 1, 1946, the IMT tried 22 "major" war criminals on charges of crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit such crimes.
The IMT defined crimes against humanity as "murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation..persecutions on political, racial, or religious grounds." Twelve of those convicted were sentenced to death, among them Reich Marshall Hermann Göring, Hans Frank, Alfred Rosenberg, and Julius Streicher.
Many of the earliest zonal trials, especially in the US zone, involved the murder of Allied military personnel who had been captured by German or Axis troops.
In time, however, Allied occupiers expanded their juridical mandate to try concentration camp guards and commandants and others who had committed crimes against Jews and others who suffered persecution in areas the Allies now occupied.
Americans are also more upbeat than people in other wealthy nations when asked how their day is going.